LightSquared and GPS
Updated September 18, 2013
- Aug 2013: FCC requests comments by Sep 6 on LightSquared's paper on handset interaction with GPS devices
- Apr 2013: FCC grants LightSquared Special Temporary Authorization to test terrestrial wireless operations in a NOAA band away from GPS
This page provides information about potential interference to GPS users from the LightSquared communications network.
What is LightSquared?
LightSquared Subsidiary LLC is a company seeking FCC approval to provide a wholesale, nationwide, wireless broadband network integrated with satellite coverage.
LightSquared intends to combine its existing satellite communications services with a ground-based 4G-LTE network that transmits on the same radio band as its satellites. The band is right next to the primary GPS frequency (L1).
Why is the GPS community concerned?
The GPS community is concerned because testing has shown LightSquared's ground-based transmissions overpower the relatively faint GPS L1 signals from space.
Although LightSquared would operate in its own authorized band, the band is so close to the GPS signals that many GPS devices could pick up the stronger LightSquared signals and become overloaded or saturated.
There is also concern that millions of existing GPS users could be forced to upgrade their devices and/or accept GPS performance losses to accommodate the new network.
What is the current status of the LightSquared network?
In Jan 2011, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) gave conditional approval for LightSquared to build out its ground network (referred to as an ancillary terrestrial component, ATC) by reusing its mobile satellite service (MSS) spectrum. The approval was subject to further testing and approval due to concerns about harmful interference to GPS users.
In Feb 2012, following extensive testing and analysis, the FCC announced it would not allow LightSquared's terrestrial operations and planned to withdraw LightSquared's ATC authorizations. The FCC solicited and received public comments on its plans, but (as of Aug 2013) has not issued a final order on the matter. Learn more...
In Sep 2012, LightSquared proposed comprehensive changes designed to address the GPS community's concerns while allowing progress toward initial operation of the company's network. Among other things, LightSquared offered to permanently relinquish its upper channel adjacent to GPS in return for authority to operate at another band. The FCC is seeking public comments on various aspects of LightSquared's latest proposal. Learn more...
Select a time period to view relevant documents from that stage in the process:
- 2001 – 2010
LightSquared ATC authorizations prior to FCC waiver
- Nov 2010 – Jan 2011
LightSquared request and FCC waiver order
- Early 2011
First round of GPS interference testing
- Mid 2011
Proposed changes to LightSquared's operating plan
- Late 2011 – Early 2012
Second round of GPS interference testing
- Late 2012 – Mid 2013
Further changes to LightSquared's proposal